One of the Completed Shelter

The heavy rains that started in the last week of July 2010 caused both flash and riverine floods across Pakistan, affecting almost the lives of 18.6 million people. The death toll from the floods was 1,677, with 2,055 people injured and 1.25 million houses damaged or destroyed. Rains caused heavy flooding in the provinces of Gilgit-Baltistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab, Baluchistan and Sindh, resulting in the loss of lives and livelihoods and the destruction of homes and basic infrastructure across the country.

Similarly the floods of July 2010 ruined the whole district Diamer. Streams of the valleys were under heavy flood. About 52 people lost their lives in Gais Bala when the cloud busted on the most populated hamlet of village. The same had happened in Khinner valley where 23 innocent people lost their lives including men, women and children. One of the hardest hit area was Diamer District where an estimated 1594 families were left homeless.

Other than casualties the most affected valleys are Niat, Khinner, Thore, Gais Pain, Bunnar Nala, Gais bala from sub-division Chilas. The floods washed out 1594 houses at vary locations. It was impossible to access most of the valleys as the link roads; the only means of communication were inadequately damaged. Other then small bridges two main bridges on river Indus connecting Gais Bala, Gais pain in Gorabad region and Dodushal valley in sub division Daril/Tangir were wiped out by these floods.

In addition to village infrastructures, like roads, irrigation water channels, small bridges, water supplies and etc. the floods also severely damaged more than 22 schools (according to Directorate of Education Diamer) and 10 Basic Health Units (according to PPHI) are also affected by floods.

To provide appropriate, safe and secure one room shelter to 750 vulnerable families among 1594 families, the DPAP approached United Nations Office for Coordination on Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA) and entered to sign MOU with UNOCHA for    providing Shelter to the homeless families under Pakistan Emergency Response Fund (ERF).

The majority of the affected communities of Diamer were poor tenant farmers who were highlydependent on agriculture and livestock for their livelihood plan. However, as the floods washed away standing crops as well as stored seeds and other agricultural inputs. Under this project, 750 one room permanent shelters were constructed for the extreme poor, vulnerable, widows, orphans, and marginalized groups within the targeted communities, meeting their basic protection and shelter needs.

The construction work was logically divided in three steps or stages. First stage was up to plinth level, second roof level and third one was lying of roof. DPAP involved the communities in the process right from the identification up to the completion of the project. The project employed a Community Based Targeting (CBT) approach for the selection of deserving beneficiaries and completion of the project.

By completion of the Shelter Project Within the target area of sub-division Chilas, 3375 direct beneficiaries were reached under this emergency response project, which were identified as completely shelter less through community consultations.



Project Beneficiaries:

Diamer   District

Household Men Women Girls Boys Total   Population
750 1385 1270 1486 1547 5625