Social Mobilization

There are five phases of social mobilization practiced by the Community Development Section (CDS) of DPAP. The 1st phase is the initial interaction/contact phase during which the Social Organizer (SO) establishes the first contact, through the village elders and eminent local people. All heads of households are invited to participate in the meeting where the SO carries out an initial reconnaissance of communities within a particular village, and discusses community development and the group formation process with village members. The community than started a record ledger of meeting, agrees on scheduling of regular Community Organization (CO)/Women Development Groups (WDG) meetings, and indicate its willingness to continue working on aspects of human resources development at the village level; group management; training and establishing viable linkages with public and private sector services. The 1st phase is spread over on a period of 3 to 4 months.

The 2nd Phase concentrates on community analysis, i.e. identification and appraising of resources and prioritization of concerns. A participatory rural appraisal exercise will be carried out and will form the basis of the Village Development Plan (VDP). The period of this stage is one month and emphasizes on:

  1.  the selection and training of community activists,
  2. the selection of possible extension agents in various sectors i.e. Community Extension Workers (CEWs) and Community livestock Workers (CLWs);
  3. the training of selected people in different disciplines

During 3rd Phase the Social Mobilization team focuses on the preparation and completion of a VDP. The VDP is finalized by the CDS staff along with all concern sections of the DPAP with technical support of the government line agencies At least 80% of CO/WDG members are supposed to be involved in the preparation of the VDP that includes:

  1.  the formation of sub-committees for social mobilization, agricultural development, credit and income generation, specific infrastructure projects etc,
  2.  training of various CO/WDG and sub-committee members;
  3. prioritization of activities in various sectors and establishment of feasibility and costs for proposed investments/activities
  4. the general terms of partnership (TOP) defined and agreed upon between the CO/WDG

The 4th Phase begins after the CO/WDG has completed its VDP, during this phase CDS staff assists the CO/WDG and line departments in implementing productive technical packages, and establish demonstrations, training and other inputs. Selected CO/WDG members receive intensive technical trainings in the particular production packages for which the CO/WDG has opted. Persons receiving this training are supposed to be “knowledgeable resource persons” for the CO/WDG, and Community Physical Infrastructure works are also be implemented during this phase.

The 5th interaction phase entails inputs and services to the CO/WDG, the most important indicator for determining institutional maturity is the completion of VDP and the start of the first project. Other indicators include:

  1. start of community savings
  2. various project investments made into the organization
  3. prompt response of the line agencies to the requirements of the CO/WDGs, and
  4.  improvements in linkages through training and follow-up of activities with various departments
  5. establishment of clusters at valley or watershed level